What is Cancer? Cancer Causes, Types, Treatment, Symptoms & Signs

What is Cancer

As cancer grows, so does the awareness of the disease. People today understand that cancer does not mean death. Awareness also increases the chances of fighting cancer. Early detection and treatment can completely cure carcinoma or make it much easier to control. Even if it is caught in the growing condition, the patient’s pain can be reduced a lot with the advice of a specialist doctor.

Does tumor mean cancer?

Tumors are abnormal tissue lumps in the body, whose cells grow very rapidly and uncontrollably. Tumors are generally of two types depending on the cell type and behavior: 1. Benign: It is not dangerous; 2. Malignant: It is a dangerous tumor. Cancer is a type of malignant tumor. Therefore, if the behavior of the tumor or tumor in the body is not characteristic of the malignant tumor or if the patient has none of the other symptoms of cancer, then there is nothing to worry about.

Tumor means but not cancer. People’s awareness about health is increasing day by day and fear of various diseases is being added. Nowadays, many people become anxious thinking that carcinoma is a small tumor. Many times the doctor does not want to cut the fear even after explaining. Because we don’t have any basic idea about the tumor or cancer, even after many tests, the fear remains, is the report correct? So. Learn some basic information about tumors or carcinoma.

what is cancer

What Causes of cancer

The exact cause of cancer is not yet known, but there are many different types of cancer that can be caused. Our changing lifestyles are largely responsible for the rise in carcinoma. High-calorie foods, such as fast food and low-fiber foods, increase the risk of cancer. Obesity is on the rise among older people and even children due to excessive sweet foods. It is also a major cause of cancer. In addition, smoking and consumption of various tobacco products and environmental pollution are especially responsible for the increase in carcinoma.

Which cancers are most commonly observed?

Cancer of the mouth and lungs in boys and these are mainly due to smoking and consumption of other tobacco products. On the other hand, breast cancer and cervical cancer are most common in women. Currently, the number of gallbladder cancers is also increasing significantly.

Are there any specific symptoms of cancer?

No, no specific symptoms of cancer can be specified. Like other common ailments, fever, weakness, cough, weight loss, loss of appetite, etc. can occur. If these do not get better in a few days, then you have to be careful and see a doctor urgently.

Symptoms of cancer?

The sum of all diseases related to uncontrolled cell division is known as cancer. The mortality rate from this disease is much higher than other diseases. The number of carcinoma patients is constantly increasing. Typically 1 out of every 4 cancer patients die. Seven things are commonly called carcinoma risk signals. Such as – whooping cough, broken voice, not soaking the wound easily, if there is a lump or lump in the breast or anywhere on the body, if there is a change in bowel habits if there is any difficulty in swallowing or difficulty indigestion if there is any subtle change in sesame or Achilles.

In general, if these seven danger signals are widely disseminated to the general public, it is possible to take effective measures to prevent cancer at an early stage. It is possible to eradicate most of the cancers through treatment at an early stage but due to the fact that the carcinoma is not easily detected, the mortality rate is much higher. However, if you have good knowledge about carcinoma and a little awareness, you can survive cancer.

Fever and cough for a long time:

We all get more or less infected due to the change of seasons, or various viral fevers. But if you have a long-term fever and cough with fever, you must go to the doctor. Frequent fever should not be neglected in any way. Symptoms include cough, blood cancer, lymphoma, or leukemia with long-term fever and fever. In this case, it is necessary to see a doctor very soon.


Blood with a cough may actually be a sign of lung cancer. Blood in the urine or stool can cause bladder cancer. In women, bleeding from the breast can be a sign of breast cancer. Excessive bleeding during menstruation in women or bleeding at any time other than the menstrual period is also a sign of carcinoma. If these symptoms are observed, it is necessary to seek medical help immediately.

Loss of appetite and weight loss:

Many times we lose interest in food, that is, loss of appetite occurs. But in most cases, we do not take it seriously. And if we lose weight at this time, we do not have it very naturally. Loss of appetite and weight loss are both symptoms of cancer. So if you have anorexia and weight loss in the long run, you must see a doctor very soon.

Excessive pain in the body:

Cold or overwork can often cause pain in different parts of our body. But if you feel pain in different parts of the body for a long time, it can be a sign of carcinoma. Excessive headaches can be a sign of brain cancer.

Getting tired with little work:

It is very normal to get tired after working hard or at the end of the day. But it can be a sign of carcinoma if you get tired too soon or too little, or if you become weak with too little work.

Skin changes:

Skin rashes, skin discoloration, or sores on any part of the body for no apparent reason can be symptoms of skin cancer. Also, if the wound in any part of the body does not heal easily or if it feels like a hard wheel in any part of the body, it can also be a sign of carcinoma.

Screening for cancer diagnosis

A medical examination of a healthy person who has not shown any signs of carcinoma but is at risk of developing cancer is called screening. Body examination is a very important factor in diagnosing carcinoma. Screening can be used to diagnose carcinoma in advance, and early detection of carcinoma can make the treatment much easier. Early-stage cancer can be identified in two ways. Cancer in the cells is in different stages and after a while, the symptoms of carcinoma are caught. But the change in the cell starts long ago. The symptoms were caught much later.

According to the World Health Organization, developing countries generally have a higher risk of all three types of carcinoma . The first is oral cancer, the second is breast cancer and the third is cervical cancer. So in all these cases, screening can be done with caution.

Oral screening:

After a certain age, all men and women should have a checkup for oral screening. In addition to doctors, general health workers can also diagnose the disease. Oral cancer can be easily diagnosed by learning three things. If there is a red spot on the mucous membrane inside the mouth cavity, a white crusty coating or a small lesion at the bottom of the mucous membrane, then the person has carcinoma in the oral cavity. These issues will be referred to a specialist doctor after the health worker diagnoses them. If there is no improvement or change within two weeks of the onset of symptoms even after taking the usual treatment, a specialist should be consulted immediately.

Diagnosis of cervical cancer:

A Pap test is done to diagnose cervical cancer. The cervix is ​​seen a little with the speculum lying on the patient. A spatula, which looks like a spoonful of ice cream, is rotated around the uterus and brought to a boil. This cos is examined under a microscope to see if there is cancer. This method is somewhat expensive. So another method has become quite common for poor countries, which is known as Vaya (Visual Inspection by Acidic Acid).

The test is performed with a cotton swab or a suppository attached to the head of the stick. The suppository is soaked in acidic acid and the suppository is touched by opening the cervix. Vaya is positive if the color changes and Vaya is negative if there is no change. However, Vaya means positive but not carcinogenic. On the other hand, Vaya’s negative means but not free from cancer.

Breast Cancer Screening:

There is a lot of discussion about breast cancer screening. The most important thing in the case of breast cancer is that the patient has to check his own breasts. If you notice any abnormality in the test then go to the doctor. Another is to be examined by a health worker or doctor. When the woman herself suspects that she is having a problem, she will go to the doctor. Then a mammogram may have to be done with the advice of the doctor.


Ultrasonograms may be an alternative to a mammogram. In many places, mammograms are not available, where ultrasonograms can be done. Even if the doctor suspects that he has cancer, FN AC can be done. FN AC is Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology. In this test, a thin needle is inserted into the tumor and the cos is brought in with a syringe. Then make a slide and examine it under a microscope to find out if you have carcinoma.

Blood cancer

Blood cancer which in medical terms leukemia is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow. This causes abnormal growth and division of white blood cells. It is not possible to detect specific symptoms of blood cancer. Even if a person is perfectly healthy, he may suddenly be diagnosed with blood carcinoma. That is, in most cases, the patient himself does not realize how serious a disease he is suffering from.

Some of the symptoms of blood cancer are frequent fever (this is the most common), heavy sweating at night, extreme weakness and fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss, swollen gums or bleeding from eating, heavy bleeding from small cuts, nervous symptoms (headache), Swollen liver and spleen, small discharge, infection, bone pain, joint pain, swollen tonsils, etc. There is no specific cause for leukemia. Different causes can cause different leukemia, the possible causes are natural or synthetic ion radiation, certain chemicals, some viruses, genetic which is congenital.

Some tests are done to make sure there is blood cancer or leukemia. Such as- blood cell test or CBC and biopsy or bone marrow test.

The treatment of blood cancer or leukemia depends on the age of the patient, the type of cancer, whether carcinoma has spread, etc. Medical procedures include chemotherapy, radiotherapy, bone marrow transplantation, and more. Blood carcinoma or leukemia can be completely cured if caught early, but it is not easy, because it is almost impossible to catch carcinoma early. In most cases, the patient does not realize that he is suffering from a serious disease.

Brain cancer

Brain cancer, also known as an intracranial tumor, is caused by abnormal cell division in the skull cavity. These cancers can be caused by malignant tumors in different cells of the brain, skull, carotid nerve, pituitary gland, and other metastasis brain tumors. The presence of bone in the carotid cavity greatly increases intracranial pressure due to brain tumors and can result in symptoms such as headache, blurred vision, and vomiting. The location and type of tumor vary with age.

Excessive head injuries from radiation from mobile phones and computers, externally or internally, can activate carcinoma cells in many cases or even increase the size of pre-existing tumors. Many patients have had brain cancer in the family and have had it in the future, meaning that genetic causes can also cause brain cancer.


Death can be avoided if the case is detected by screening at an early stage of cancer. When the symptoms of carcinoma are revealed, it is still possible to get good results with treatment. There are 7 common causes of cancer. Such as whooping cough, broken voice, if the wound does not dry easily, if there is any lump or lump in the breast or body, change in bowel habits, difficulty in swallowing or difficulty in digestion, any slight change in sesame or Achilles. If these 6 danger signs are widely publicized, it may be possible to prevent cancer long ago.

There is a saying – the disease does not come like a plague. That is not entirely true. Before any disease can take a serious turn, various symptoms appear. In many cases, we do not take those symptoms seriously. As a result, potential risks cannot be avoided. But a little awareness can help to cure any disease before it takes shape.

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